Course Descriptions

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CMED6109

Accounting and Financial Management in Health Care

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr. Olivia Leung

Pre-requisite:

No

Infectious diseases have been an important public health issue since the beginning of human history. With frequently observed emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases, it is essential to examine previous major disease outbreaks/epidemics and interventions in preventing transmission of these diseases in order to inform public health decisions in disease control in the future. In this course students will examine major epidemic and endemic human infectious diseases and dissect infectious diseases from historical and contemporary perspectives using an integrated approach to improve their ability to apply public health approaches to prevent and control infectious diseases and formulate appropriate strategies in response to disease epidemics/pandemics in society

 

CMED6401

Advanced clinical epidemiology and decision analysis

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr IOL Wong

Pre-requisite:

CMED6100 Introduction to biostatistics
CMED6200 Introduction to epidemiology
Pre-/Co-requisite:  CMED6400 Evidence-based practice

This is an intermediate/advanced-level course on methods of clinical epidemiology and decision science. It covers the techniques and growing range of applications of decision analysis and cost effectiveness analysis in healthcare technology assessment, health policy analysis, medical decision making, and health resource allocation. Students will learn to apply methods that are currently used at the frontiers of clinical epidemiology and decision science research in clinical and public health settings. While the primary emphasis is not mathematical theory, a certain amount of theoretical background is presented for each topic.

 

CMED6030

Advanced epidemiological methods I

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr Ryan Au Yeung

Pre-requisite:

(i) CMED6200 Introduction to epidemiology
(ii) CMED6300 Intermediate epidemiology

The overarching conceptual framework for this course centres on the use of structural causal models to design, analyze and interpret studies commonly used in epidemiology, including observational studies, instrumental variable studies, quasi-experimental studies and experimental study designs. This course will consider how structural causal models, mediation analysis, effect modification, multi-level models, sensitivity analysis and consideration of missing data, can be applied to the pursuit of making valid and generalizable causal inferences in epidemiology.

 

CMED6050

Advanced epidemiological methods II

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Prof Eric Tchetgen Tchetgen

Pre-requisite:

(i) CMED6200 Introduction to epidemiology and
(ii) CMED6030 Advanced epidemiological methods I

This course will provide an in depth investigation of statistical methods for drawing causal inferences from observational studies. Informal epidemiologic concepts such as confounding, comparability, intermediate variables, total effects, controlled direct effects, natural direct and indirect effects for mediation analysis, and selection bias will be formally defined within the context of a counterfactual causal model. Methods for estimating a total causal effect in the context of a point exposure will be discussed, including regression methods, propensity score techniques and instrumental variable techniques for continuous, discrete or binary outcome. Mediation analysis will be discussed from a counterfactual perspective, which methods for making inferences about the joint effects of time-varying exposures in the presence of time dependent covariates that are simultaneously confounders and intermediate variables will be emphasized. These methods include g-estimation of structural nested models, inverse probability weighted estimators of marginal structural models, and g-computation algorithm estimators.

 

CMED6107

Advanced immunology *

3 Credits

Coordinator:

TBA

Pre-requisite:

A Bachelor of Science degree in biology or immunology or equivalent

Each year, this course will focus on a different topic, including innate immunity, inflammation, mucosal immunity, vaccination, and or adaptive immunity.  Special emphasis is placed on diseases that represent a threat to public health in this region. Lectures are given by internationally renowned scientists, workshops/round tables are supervised by junior faculty members, and practical sessions organized together with local and/or invited faculty members.

 

CMED6020

Advanced statistical methods I

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr E Lau

Pre-requisite:

CMED6100 Introduction to biostatistics

This course covers transformation of variables, ANOVA, generalized linear models, factor analysis, instrumental variable analysis, and multivariate methods. This course will provide a practical overview of commonly used biostatistical methods, building on the basic methods introduced in CMED6100.

 

CMED6040

Advanced statistical methods II

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr E Lau

Pre-requisite:

CMED6100 Introduction to biostatistics;
CMED6020 Advanced statistical methods I

This course will provide a basic, yet thorough introduction to probability theory and mathematical statistics that underlie many of the commonly used techniques in public health research. The frequentist and Bayesian approaches to parameter estimation, interval estimation and hypothesis testing will be compared and contrasted. All theoretical material will be motivated by problems from epidemiology and public health.

 

CMED6106

Advanced virology *

3 Credits

Coordinator:

TBA

Pre-requisite:

A Bachelor of Science degree in biology or immunology or equivalent

Each year the course focuses on a different set of viruses/diseases that are relevant for public health in Asia and worldwide. Topics include: epidemiology, molecular and cellular biology of viruses; virus/host molecular interactions; pathogenetic mechanisms, prevention strategies against viral diseases and therapeutical approaches Lectures are given by internationally renowned scientists, workshops/round tables are supervised by junior faculty members, and practical sessions organized together with local and/or invited faculty members.

 

CMED6227

Biological basis of disease

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Prof R Bruzzone

Pre-requisite:

No

This course analyses the basic features of cellular functioning at different levels and the molecular basis of diseases and provides an overview of the recent technological advances that impact health care and public reaction to scientific discoveries. Examples will be drawn for non-communicable and communicable diseases.

 

CMED6000

Capstone

15 Credits

Pre-requisite:

No

The Capstone will demonstrate the acquisition and synthesis of skills and competencies acquired in the programme. Each candidate will undertake a Capstone project on a topic approved by the Capstone Advisor and submit a Capstone report not longer than 5,000 words. The Capstone report should demonstrate 2 of the following 4 competencies as defined by the Hong Kong College of Community Medicine Training and Examination Guidelines for the sub speciality of Public Health Medicine (2008) (p.14) below:-

  • To assemble, critically review, synthesise and interpret published literature (including grey literature) on a public health topic
  • To use epidemiological or other approaches to describe the health status or health care needs of a defined population and identify environmental or personal risk factors which threaten or enhance health
  • To identify and collect or retrieve relevant information and use this information for service planning or other activities aimed at improving health
  • To assess effectiveness and efficiency of resource use for health services or health promotion activity

 

CMED6909

Comparing systems of elder care

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Prof S Kagan

Pre-requisite:

No

This course provides a comparative view of aging, public health, and allopathic, traditional and complementary treatment in Hong Kong and The United States within the perspectives of nursing, medicine, and interdisciplinary collaboration. Students will compare the demographics of aging; health, disease, and illness; and health care treatment from prevention through rehabilitation and palliation in Hong Kong, China, the United States and elsewhere. The role of interdisciplinary collaboration (between nurses, physicians and other health care professionals) in the care of the elderly is emphasized.

 

CMED6231 

Emergency Medicine for Disaster and Humanitarian Crises Responders 

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr. Ling-Pong LEUNG 

Pre-requisite:

No

The human suffering and destruction following a disaster or humanitarian crisis impose a significant demand for emergency healthcare resources. These catastrophes, which occur with intimidating frequency, present to the responders a wide range of problems. This course addresses these problems from the perspective of Emergency Medicine. It will specifically cover the clinical challenges associated with disasters or humanitarian crises and their management, the principles of disaster response and the related ethical and legal issues.

 

CMED6104

Emerging infectious diseases

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Prof JSM Peiris/

Dr HL Yen

Pre-requisite:

No

Most human communicable diseases originally arose from inter-species transmission from animals. There is an emerging consensus that a “One Health” approach that unifies animal and human health is needed to address future emerging infectious disease threats. The factors that contribute to emergence of such diseases and of other zoonotic diseases include environmental, ecological, societal, microbial and host factors. This course also addresses factors that contribute to infectious disease prevention, and control.

 

CMED6913

Environmental health assessment

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr Linwei Tian

Pre-requisite:

CMED6912 Environmental health hazards and interventions or equivalent

This multidisciplinary course draws from basic sciences and tools such as: environmental science (fate and transport of contaminants), exposure science, toxicology, environmental epidemiology, risk analysis, and risk communication to explore the impact of environmental health hazards on human health Also explored in case studies are topical environmental health issues such as: environmentally induced cancer, climate change, indoor air pollution, and occupational health.

 

CMED6912

Environmental health hazards and interventions

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr Linwei Tian

Pre-requisite:

No

This is a foundation course in environmental health which addresses how the environmental factors may adversely affect human health and what can be done to prevent or minimize the negative impact of environmental health hazards. Whereas environmental science tends to address how human beings affect the environment, this public health oriented course focuses on how the environment may adversely affect human health. Topics include: exposure and dose; hazard and risk; natural and anthropogenic factors; physical, chemical and biological hazards in the air, water, soil and food; local and global environmental health issues.

 

CMED6230

Epidemics and endemic diseases

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr Wu Peng/ Prof Ben Cowling

Pre-requisite:

No

Infectious diseases have been an important public health issue since the beginning of human history. With frequently observed emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases, it is essential to examine previous major disease outbreaks/epidemics in order to inform public health decisions in disease control in the future. In this course students will analyse and dissect infectious diseases from historical and contemporary perspectives using an integrated approach to improve their ability to apply public health approaches to prevent and control infectious diseases and consider strategies appropriate for the control or epidemics/pandemics in society.

 

CMED6400

Evidence-based practice

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr J Leung/

Dr Marianne Holm

Pre-requisite:

CMED6200 Introduction to epidemiology

This course builds on the principles of epidemiology covered in Introduction to Epidemiology (CMED6200) and introduces clinical epidemiology. Students will learn how to evaluate the validity and relevance of information from research about diagnostic tests, therapy, and prognosis, as well as from conventional information sources (including experts, reviews, and practice guidelines) and consider the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical decisions. Students will also be introduced to methods of searching for and keeping up with new, valid, and relevant clinical information at the point of patient care. Finally, meta-research as an approach to improve the quality of clinical and public health research will be discussed.

 

CMED6228

Field epidemiology

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr YH Tam

Pre-requisite:

No

The course introduces the theory of disease surveillance and includes a review of the relevant epidemiological and bio-statistical skills needed for field investigation. The operational aspects of field investigations including study and questionnaire design, sampling and data collection, data analysis and interpretation, formulation of recommendations, and risk communication. Field investigations in some special settings will also be considered.

 

CMED6204

Health and society

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Prof I Kawachi

Pre-requisite:

No

This course provides an overview of the field of the social determinants of health, and will focus on the theories, measurement tools, and analytical methods for investigating the causal influence of social contexts and social variables on population health.

By the end of the course, student will be familiar with basic concepts in the field, including the prevention paradox and the two strategies of prevention; the measurement of socio-economic status (SES) and the mechanisms of its association with health outcomes; absolute vs. relative concepts of poverty; compositional vs. contextual influences of neighbourhood environments on health; the measurement of social networks, social support, and social capital, and how each concept is related to health; the demands/control model of job stress; and policies to tackle social inequalities in health.

 

CMED6704

Health behaviour and communication

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr W Lam

Pre-requisite:

No

This course provides a comprehensive review of the social and behavioural science theories commonly used in public health. The utility of these theories in planning, implementing, and evaluating public health interventions and programs will be critically examined. The theories addressed in this course are not limited to the individual-level, but also that take a boarder perspective and examine the role of health communication in influencing health behaviours. 

 

CMED6902

Health economics

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr Jianchao Quan 

Pre-requisite:

No

This course introduces basic concepts of health economic evaluation. The course emphasizes the uses and limitations of the economic approach in health care, with applications in medicine, nursing, other clinical areas and health promotion.

 

CMED6220

Health informatics

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr James Kong

Pre-requisite:

Familiarity or interest in computer systems and networking, clear understanding of health care delivery.

Co-requisite: CMED 6901 Principles of healthcare management

This course focuses on the history of health informatics, basic informatics concepts and methods, and health information management applications for health care administration, practice, education and research.

 

CMED6900

Health policy and politics

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Prof GM Leung

Pre-requisite:

No

This course begins by introducing the core macroeconomic and political theories needed to understand and assess national or regional health systems. Based on these philosophical theoretical considerations and empirical observations from the field, students are led through a survey of system typologies from around the world. The concept of "control knobs" is then deployed to translate theoretical appreciation into real world application. Finally students are given the opportunity to undertake a self-directed simulation exercise on a prevailing policy topic in the Hong Kong or mainland Chinese setting.

 

CMED6206

Health promotion and health education

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr Jiang Nan/

Dr Coco Chen

Pre-requisite:

No

This course provides students with a broad overview and understanding for health, health-related human behaviour and how to effect change. Through guided mock practices individually or in groups, students are led through the processes of assessment, planning and evaluation of a variety of health promotion and health education approaches and actions that can be employed in real life.

 

CMED6218

Human health: futures in a globalized world

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Prof R Fielding

Pre-requisite:

This course will be uncompromising, and is not for the fantasy-minded or faint hearted. Full participation is expected of all students.

This “big picture” course has as its focus the implications of environmental degradation and global warming for the next 25 years. Globalization, economics, resource depletion, food and agricultural issues, population change and societal reactions, and climatological impacts from current patterns of human population behaviour within an ecological systems-based perspective to infer likely futures and their health implications are explored. In particular, students examine current trends and models to attempt to estimate emerging public health issues and hazards linked to these.

 

CMED6211

Infectious disease epidemiology

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr J Wu

Pre-requisite:

CMED6100 Introduction to biostatistics

This course covers the fundamental concepts of infectious disease epidemiology and current methods for infectious disease surveillance and control. Topics include epidemiologic triangle, transmissibility and severity of infectious diseases, outbreak investigations and responses, infectious disease surveillance, vaccination, molecular epidemiology, and epidemic modelling. Exemplary cases with focus on recent emerging infectious diseases (e.g. SARS, pandemic influenza A/H1N1, avian influenza A/H5N1, MERS) will be used.

 

CMED6210

Infectious disease modelling

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr J Wu

Pre-requisite:

(i) CMED6211 Infectious disease epidemiology and
(ii) Basic programming skills in R

This course introduces the use of mathematical models for studying infectious disease dynamics and control. The course is designed for students who have a strong background in infectious disease epidemiology and want to understand and interpret results from infectious disease modeling. Topics include basic epidemic theory, estimation of transmissibility and disease severity, stochasticity, assessment of uncertainty, cost and effectiveness evaluation of interventions, and optimization of control strategies under resource constraints.

 

CMED6105

Infectious diseases in public health

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr LLM Poon

Pre-requisite:

No

Infectious diseases are of major public health concern. This course focuses on the study of microbiology from a public health point of view. This course covers basic microbiology, common infectious diseases in community and health care settings, and provides the biological basis for the methods used for prevention and control of communicable diseases. This course has a strong emphasis on the practical aspects of infectious disease and is important to those who are working or pursue their career in the fields of epidemiological investigations, public health surveillance, and other public health responses that are related to microbial infections.

 

CMED6300

Intermediate epidemiology

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr CM Schooling

Pre-requisite:

CMED6200 Introduction to epidemiology

This course builds on the introductory course in epidemiology (CMED6200). Causal inference is undoubtedly one of the most important epidemiological concepts in current epidemiological and population health research.  Epidemiological research which focuses on ‘risk factor’ analysis though important does not always lead public health practitioners and scientists to identify modifiable factors relevant for changing health outcomes. The application of causal inference thinking in epidemiological study design and the use of more advanced data analysis helps ameliorate this problem.

 

CMED6100

Introduction to biostatistics

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr CF Lee

Pre-requisite:

No

Biostatistics concerns the collection, analysis, interpretation and presentation of biological data. Specific applications include epidemiology, clinical trials and public health. This course covers descriptive statistics and elementary probability, and introduces basic topics in inferential biostatistics, including regression, confidence intervals and hypothesis tests. The course provides students with introductory skills in biostatistics to complete their capstone reports; therefore its primary focus is on the practical use and interpretation of statistical methods.

 

CMED6200

Introduction to epidemiology

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr M Kwok

Pre-requisite:

No

Epidemiology is the study of the occurrence and distribution of illness in a population, the causes and determinants of illnesses and diseases, and the application of this knowledge to control health problems at the community level. Epidemiology provides the scientific basis of understanding of the health problems and evidences to support public health interventions. This course introduces the basic concepts and approaches used in epidemiologic research, and serves as a prerequisite for several other courses.

The course begins with an introduction to common approaches to measure the occurrence and distribution of illness in populations and the relationship between different measures. The course then moves on to introduce the major types of epidemiological study designs. Students will learn to design, interpret and critically appraise each type of study, with the aim of differentiating between the study designs and appreciating their relative strengths and limitations in identifying the determinants and causes of illness and disease. The concept of causal inference will be introduced with focus on common pitfalls in epidemiological studies that could lead to biased estimation of the causal relationship. Finally practical issues in designing and implementing epidemiological studies will be discussed, and students will learn to use appropriate terminology and language to report epidemiological findings. Throughout the course, major historical and contemporary epidemiological studies will be described.

 

CMED6216

Introduction to public health genomics

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr D Ip

Pre-requisite:

No

Genetics is the study of variation in the genome, its inheritance, and its contribution to health and disease. Public health genetics focuses on the public health implications of advances in genetic and molecular science for preventing disease and for protecting and improving the health of the population. The curriculum will be centred on an understanding how genetic and environmental factors work together in determining disease susceptibility in individuals and populations. The course addresses the implications of these developments for health services, and the ethical, legal, cultural, economic and policy issues involved in applying genomics to public health.

 

CMED6203

Measurement in health

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr M Ni

Pre-requisite:

No

Measuring health status is central to health services research and clinical trials. This course examines the basic science of health measurement for health services research and public health.

The theoretical aspects of health measurement including empirical validity analyses of an existing instrument and the process of developing an instrument where a suitable one does not already exist are considered. The use and utility of a number of evaluative instruments and measurement methods including, screening tools, clinician rating scales and self-report health indicators among others are critically evaluated.

 

CMED6108

Microbial genomes and evolution in infectious diseases

3 Credits

Coordinator: 

Dr Tommy Lam/ Dr Maria Zhu

Pre-requisite:

No

The genomes of pathogenic microorganisms determine their infection and transmission in hosts. Emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases are usually associated with the evolution of these pathogens in response to the host defense and environmental challenges. This course introduces the genomic and evolutionary biology of pathogens causing human infections, and the implications to the public health policies for disease control and management, such as regarding to vaccine strain selection and drug administration. Modern research methods to study pathogen genome and evolution are also introduced, with demonstration using real examples from recent epidemics.

 

CMED6207 

Non-communicable disease epidemiology and control 

3 Credits

Coordinator: 

Dr. CM Schooling

Pre-requisite:

CMED6200 Introduction to epidemiology
CMED6201 Principles of public health

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory disease, are major causes of death and disability. This course builds on the fundamental courses CMED6200 Introduction to Epidemiology and CMED6201 Principles of Public Health by exploring the distribution, predictors and causes of major NCDs. Students will review the global burden, prevailing theories and controversies regarding the aetiology of major NCDs and formulate effective public health strategies for their prevention and control. This course focuses on the critical appraisal of epidemiological studies and the translation of research findings into practice, which will be relevant to students pursuing a career in epidemiology or public health practice.

 

CMED6907

Perspectives in health care management

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr H Tinsley

Pre-requisite:

(i) CMED6901 Principles of health care management or
(ii) Previous health care work experience

The case-based course provides students with an opportunity to explore real health administration problems in the public sector at both global and local levels. Students will apply administrative science to important and topical problems faced by current health care administrators such as quality and risk management, human resources management, leadership, decision-making, and governance and accountability. Students will formulate solutions to problems in health care administration.

 

CMED6224

Practicum

12 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr J Johnston

Pre-requisite:

No

It aims to prepare students with a broad mastery of subjects and methods necessary for the field of public health practice, bridging theory and practice. In compliance with the standards set by the Council on Education for Public Health “the practicum is a planned, supervised and evaluated public health practice experience” (p.16) with defined learning outcomes and deliverable(s) in which students are expected to demonstrate competency based learning outcomes as defined by the ‘Core competencies for the public health professionals May 2010’ (http://www.phf.org/programs/corecompetencies) such as but not limited to the following.

Students will demonstrate the ability to

  • integrate, synthesize and apply knowledge and skills to a public health problem; and
  • demonstrate the skills needed to function in a professional public health setting, such as:
    • Problem solving and analysis
    • Interpersonal, oral and written communication
    • Self-assessment and critical reflection

Practicum placement may be in one of the following local, regional, or international locations:-

  • Public health agency
  • Public or private hospital
  • Research laboratory
  • Non-governmental organisation

 

CMED6901

Principles of health care management

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr J Johnston

Pre-requisite:

No

This course is an introductory course to organisational and management theory as applied in practice. Students will be introduced to systems thinking, management theory, organisational design and structure, organisiation behaviour, managing people and organising work, methods for the assessing organisational effectiveness, and assessing quality of care.

 

CMED6201

Principles of public health

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Prof GM Leung/

Dr J Johnston

Pre-requisite:

No

This is the fundamental survey course which encompasses the full spectrum of contemporary public health issues locally and globally.

 

CMED6217

Qualitative health research

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr W Lam

Pre-requisite:

No

This course will provide a comprehensive introduction to qualitative health research, with the aim to helping students to acquire a sound knowledge base of the qualitative research process and to develop an appreciation of the importance of qualitative research in health science. During the course, various qualitative methods will be introduced and discussed. Students will have the opportunity to engage in activities involved in data collection, analysis, as well as appraising qualitative research evidence.

 

CMED6903

Resources for health

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Prof R Lu/ Prof GM Leung

Pre-requisite:

CMED6900 Health policy and politics

This course analyses the origins and flow of financial resources through the entire health system, in a tri-axial fashion, in that what is consumed has been provided and financed. Therefore, money is traced from revenue sources to agents in financing schemes, to provision influenced by different factors of production (including operating cost structure and capital formation), to consumption by different beneficiaries resulting in observed utilisation patterns.

In parallel, students learn about the critical importance of non-financial resources, i.e. human resources, in the production of health care. The planning process for, production, deployment (including substitution), retention and continuous development of different types of health care professionals are illustrated. Special mention is also made of other possible resource constraints to optimal system functioning.

Finally common indicators to evaluate health system performance, with particular emphases on financing and human resources, are used to assess various prototypic examples drawn from empirical experience locally and elsewhere.

 

CMED6208

Risk: perception, decisions and communication

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Prof R Fielding

Pre-requisite:

No

Risk is inevitable in life, yet the ability to accurately judge risk and the decisions made thereafter are usually quite skewed by psychological, social and contextual factors, so much so that serious errors can occur in decision making.  In health care, the ability to accurately assess risk and the psychological strategies that people adopt to avoid the threat that risk presents means that health hazards are often completely misrepresented both to oneself and to others.  Health professionals also have the task of communicating health risk information to the community as well as individuals.  How can information be presented in such a way as to effectively communicate the true nature of a hazard without distorting or falling into the trap of being ignored?   This course looks in detail at the area of risk perceptions, the distortions of decisions by psychological and other factors and the communication of risk, all core skills for public health professionals.

 

CMED6910

Strategies in health care

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr A Ng

Pre-requisite:

Students are required to have 2 years of work experience and have completed courses on health economics and financial management prior to enrolling in this course.

This course aims to introduce different conceptual frameworks and methodologies required to develop sustainable strategies for organisations in health care – including but not limited to governmental organisations, NGOs, hospitals/clinics, pharmaceutical companies, medical device companies.

 

CMED6202

The practice of public health

3 Credits

Coordinator:

Dr D Ip

Pre-requisite:

No

This course aims to promote the application of public health sciences to a wide range of common problems and issues. Students will be given various scenarios simulating real-world public health problems which can be used to illustrate the wide range of disciplines applicable (from an evidence-based perspective) to the practice of public health. Students will practise the development of a systematic approach to define these problems, search for information to support their assessment, and propose and execute actions to deal with the problems.

 *Candidates who wish to register for these courses must apply for and satisfy the entrance criteria as set by the HKU-Pasteur Research Pole.

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